World Trade And Biological Exchanges Before 1492

World Trade and Biological Exchanges Before 1492
Publisher Unknown
Release Date
Category Science
Total Pages 593
ISBN 0595513921
Rating 4/5 from 21 reviews
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People moved into America very early across the Bering Strait. By the fifth millennia B.C.E. tropical sailors brought diseases to America and took plants and animals in both directions. Long before Columbus, tropical sailors carefully selected crops from New World highlands and shorelines, wet and dry climates, and took them to the Old World where they were grown in appropriate environments. Medicinal and psychedelic plants were traded and maintained in Egypt and Peru during separate, 1,400-year periods. This implies that maritime trade was continuous. In this groundbreaking book, learn about: ● 84 plants that were taken from the Americas to the Old World. ● What plants and animals were brought to the Americas. ● Why world trade was essential for transfer of so many. ● Interconnectedness of civilizations had to result from world trade. ● Dating of 18 species by archaeology with radio carbon shows dispersal. ● And much more! Plants, diseases, and animals from America were distributed throughout the world, across the oceans before 1492. It is time for scientists, teachers, and students to reconsider their beliefs about the early history of civilization with World Trade and Biological Exchanges Before 1492. ABOUT THE AUTHORS: John L. Sorenson is an emeritus professor of anthropology at Brigham Young University. He earned a doctorate in archeology from UCLA. Carl L. Johannessen is an emeritus professor of biogeography at the University of Oregon. He earned a doctorate in geography from the University of California at Berkeley.

World Trade and Biological Exchanges Before 1492
  • Author : John L. Sorenson,Carl Lewis Johannessen
  • Publisher : Unknown
  • Release Date : 2009

People moved into America very early across the Bering Strait. By the fifth millennia B.C.E. tropical sailors brought diseases to America and took plants and animals in both directions. Long before Columbus, tropical sailors carefully selected crops from New World highlands and shorelines, wet and dry climates, and

GET BOOK
World Trade and Biological Exchanges Before 1492
  • Author : John L. Sorenson,Carl Lewis Johannessen
  • Publisher : Unknown
  • Release Date : 2009

People moved into America very early across the Bering Strait. By the fifth millennia B.C.E. tropical sailors brought diseases to America and took plants and animals in both directions. Long before Columbus, tropical sailors carefully selected crops from New World highlands and shorelines, wet and dry climates, and

GET BOOK
A Companion to Global Environmental History
  • Author : J. R. McNeill,Erin Stewart Mauldin
  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release Date : 2014-12-22

Read online A Companion to Global Environmental History written by J. R. McNeill,Erin Stewart Mauldin, published by John Wiley & Sons which was released on 2014-12-22. Download full A Companion to Global Environmental History Books now! Available in PDF, ePub and Kindle.

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Ancient Ocean Crossings
  • Author : Stephen C. Jett
  • Publisher : University of Alabama Press
  • Release Date : 2017-06-06

Ancient Ocean Crossings paints a compelling picture of impressive pre-Columbian cultures and Old World civilizations that, contrary to many prevailing notions, were not isolated from one another, evolving independently, each in its own hemisphere. Instead, they constituted a “global ecumene,” involving a complex pattern of intermittent but numerous and profoundly

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Pre Columbian Trans Oceanic Contact
  • Author : Jerald Fritzinger
  • Publisher : Lulu.com
  • Release Date : 2016-03-14

Pre-Columbian Trans-Oceanic Contact examines the discovery and settlement of The New World hundreds and even thousands of years before Christopher Columbus was born.

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Jaredites  the Missing Civilization X
  • Author : Jim Hendleman
  • Publisher : Unknown
  • Release Date : 2013-05

Jaredites: The Missing Civilization X Jim Hendleman This book covers the origin and archaeological development of selected categories of civilized elements identified as being "Jaredite" in origin. It is an attempt to elevate the Jaredite civilization into the light of day from the heretofore dark mists of history where science

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The Columbian Exchange
  • Author : Alfred W. Crosby
  • Publisher : Greenwood
  • Release Date : 1972

The best thing about this book is its overarching thesis, the concept of a Columbian exchange. This provocative device permits Crosby to shape a lot of familiar and seemingly unrelated data into a fresh synthesis. . . . The implications of this interplay between novel biological and social forces are fascinating. Journal of

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1493
  • Author : Charles C. Mann
  • Publisher : Vintage
  • Release Date : 2012

Reveals how the voyages of Columbus reintroduced plants and animals that had been separated millions of years earlier, documenting how the ensuing exchange of flora and fauna between Eurasia and the Americas fostered a European rise, decimated imperial China and rendered Manila and Mexico City the center of the world

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Ecological Imperialism
  • Author : Alfred W. Crosby
  • Publisher : Cambridge University Press
  • Release Date : 2015-10-31

A fascinating study of the important role of biology in European expansion, from 900 to 1900.

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The Ongoing Columbian Exchange  Stories of Biological and Economic Transfer in World History
  • Author : Christopher Martin Cumo
  • Publisher : ABC-CLIO
  • Release Date : 2015-02-25

This unique encyclopedia enables students to understand the myriad ways that the Columbian Exchange shaped the modern world, covering every major living organism from pathogens and plants to insects and mammals. • Represents the only encyclopedia to comprehensively treat the Columbian Exchange and document how this watershed event in history changed

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Food  Society  and Environment
  • Author : Charles L. Harper,Bryan F. LeBeau
  • Publisher : Unknown
  • Release Date : 2003

This book concerns itself with food and hunger issues, primarily in America, but also as America is located in both history and a broader global system today. It focuses on food consumption and production in relation to history, society (including politics and economics), environmental impacts, and some ethical and social

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The Conquest of Paradise
  • Author : Kirkpatrick Sale
  • Publisher : Unknown
  • Release Date : 1991

Analysis of Columbus and his discovery of the New World and how it changed the distribution and mixture of life-forms and cultures.

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The Measure of Reality
  • Author : Alfred W. Crosby
  • Publisher : Cambridge University Press
  • Release Date : 1996-11-28

Western Europeans were among the first, if not the first, to invent mechanical clocks, geometrically precise maps, double-entry bookkeeping, precise algebraic and musical notations, and perspective painting. By the sixteenth century more people were thinking quantitatively in western Europe than in any other part of the world. The Measure of

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Creatures of Empire
  • Author : Virginia DeJohn Anderson
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press, USA
  • Release Date : 2004

Book Review

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Born to Die
  • Author : Noble David Cook
  • Publisher : Cambridge University Press
  • Release Date : 1998-02-13

Cook explains that the conquest of the New World was achieved by a handful of Europeans - not by the sword, but by deadly disease.

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